Agro-Meteorology

Improving agriculture productivity despite variations in local weather conditions.

WOTR’s concept of Agro-meteorology uniquely combines locale-specific Met-advisories and Agro-advisories that provide timely information to farmers so that they can plan their agricultural activities accordingly.

What problem is being addressed?

Agriculture is weather dependent at the local level. Yet, currently, farmers do not have access to reliable locally relevant meteorological and agricultural information by which to plan and manage their farming operations. Information presently available is based on inputs from weather stations that are located at taluka places and which are manually obtained. In the monsoon-driven weather system that is ours, local agro-meteorological conditions, especially rainfall, vary within even a kilometer; and such distantly located weather stations are not able to provide data that can generate locale-specific knowledge and advisories. In earlier days, before technology drove our lives, the elders of the village planned their agriculture activities based on how they sensed the forthcoming weather and what they observed in the surrounding flora ( plants and trees)  and fauna ( insects, birds and animals). Most of this indigenous knowledge is now lost.

It is, thus, important to retrieve, document, analyse, utilize and disseminate practices that are promising and useful.

The Agro-meteorology component of WOTR Climate Change Adaptation project ensures:

  • Local weather data is available to the farmers.
  • Local community understands and uses weather information for agriculture planning and management.
  • Agro-advisories are provided based on local weather data.

 

How it works?

 

WOTR is partnered by the India Meteorological Department (IMD) in Agro-Meterology efforts. The IMD guides WOTR in weather station installations and weather predictions.

The Process

Step 1

  • Met stations installed in project villages.
  • Village people trained to read the met-data. Information displayed on black boards in public places.
  • Community people sensitized to “read” and understand this new met-language.
  • Trainings on maintenance of weather stations conducted.

Step 2

  • Hourly local Met-data sent via SMS/ GPRS to WOTR’s servers.
  • Data “cleaned”, verified and forwarded to IMD servers.tep 3
 
  • 3-day village and cluster-level weather forecasts received daily by WOTR from IMD.
  • Unusual weather events forecasts disseminated to villages.

Step 4

  • Weather forecasts from IMD fed into AGRIMATE together with indigenous knowledge and traditional agricultural practices, and geo-referenced information on crops grown and farm-related parameters of participating farmers.
  • In-house experts assisted by AGRIMATE prepare locale, crop and farmer specific agro advisories.

Step 5

  • Agro-advisories disseminated in local language via mobile SMSs twice a week and weekly wall-papers.

Step 6

  • Farmers’ feedback sessions as well as field investigations carried out.

Step 7

  • Feedback looped into the AGRIMATE as well as crop advisories generation process.

Download an information brief on AGRO-MET

 

Audio-Visuals

 

These initiatives and interventions are funded by Swiss Agency for Development Co-operation (SDC) and NABARD.