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India is a hotspot for the fallout of the climate crisis with 50% of the population depending on nature-based livelihoods for sustenance — agriculture, forests, livestock-related and allied occupations. As temperature, rainfall and other weather patterns become erratic, dependent communities are exposed to  vulnerabilities with increased risks and failure of traditional coping mechanisms.

In order to build resilience to this climate emergency, WOTR adopted a knowledge-based, multi­-disciplinary and participatory approach involving a wide range of activities towards an evidence and policy-focused engagement with all stakeholders.

WOTR’s approach to the climate crisis seeks to develop knowledge, strategies, approaches, measures and processes that enable vulnerable communities to cope with and adapt to the impending impacts of the climate crisis in a manner which can be widely adopted, replicated and upscaled going forward.

The objective is to improve the adaptive capacities of rural communities to respond to the effects of emerging scenarios by regenerating ecosystems they inhabit, diversifying livelihood sources in order to reduce risks, and adopting new agricultural and renewable energy technologies.

Alignment with International Frameworks

Sustainable Development Goals

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Bhojdari in Maharashtra: A case in point

Of late, Bhojdari in Ahmednagar district has been witnessing shifting rainfall patterns due to erratic and extreme weather events. Appropriate watershed management, information dissemination on weather to local farmers, water budgeting, sustainable adaptive agriculture, access to indigenous seeds, organic manure/composting, and other capacity building measures such as conserving biodiversity, beekeeping, etc., show how timely and informed interventions have contributed to DRR (Disaster Risk Reduction) and have helped rural Maharashtra adapt to erratic climate events. The EbA project has considerably reduced distress migration. Quite a few farmers in Bhojdari are already opting for a second crop — in place of millets and groundnuts now one sees cash crops. There is an increasing demand for consumer durables which point to an economic shift. To read more about WOTR’s Ecosystems-based adaptation (EbA), read this comprehensive story which appeared in Mongabay India:

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Scale of operation

  • CCA in 1,846 villages in 1,846 villages involving a total geographical area of 1,115,218 ha ( 11,152.18 sq.kms)) covered; over 1.88 million people impacted (up to March 31, 2018)
  • 103 agromet stations installed, benefitting 333 villages (up to March 31, 2018)
  • WSI interventions in 113 villages from Maharashtra & Telangana impacting 39,166 farmer families up to March 31, 2018)
  • 247 solar streetlights installed, benefitting 23,543 people in 2017-2018
  • 455 solar home lighting systems installed in Maharashtra and MP, benefitting over 2,400 people in 2017-2018
  • Five biodiversity management committees set up in 2017-2018 in Jharkhand in 2017-2018
  • 57 blogs published as part of development communication in 2017-2018


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Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) for building resilience to COVID-19 in rural Maharashtra

On May 1, 2020, WOTR brought together a diverse range of stakeholders including policy makers, government officials, researchers, corporate donor representatives, and development practitioners for a half-day virtual workshop in order to reach a consensus on Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) for building resilience to COVID-19 in rural Maharashtra. The workshop explored the gaps and challenges in our current programmes and policies, whilst simultaneously identifying plausible opportunities that can take EbA forward in Maharashtra.



Scaling Ecosystem-based Adaptation to Climate Change in Maharashtra, India: An Analysis of Policies and Programmes.

This paper highlights the Windows of Opportunity or the entry points for scaling-up Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) in Maharashtra. This is part of a project jointly implemented by The WOTR Centre for Resilience Studies (W-CreS) and TMG Research gGmbH. Funded by the International Climate Initiative (IKI) of the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB), Germany, this project seeks to understand the criteria and preconditions for Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) measures to contribute to both intended Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) through participatory, multi-stakeholder dialogues at local and state levels.


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Why gender-sensitive policy is key to climate change adaptation

Though women are severely affected by climate change than men, they play a major role in climate change adaptation and mitigation. Women have better knowledge and understanding on the need to adapt to a changing environment and come up with practical solutions, as they interact with their immediate environments more than men. As first responders, women can offer valuable insights to mitigate climate risks and challenges on a day-to-day level. Women can assume leadership roles even at the village-level and participate in shaping sustainable counter measures.




To know more about our work related to Climate Change, please contact