Ecosystems, Watersheds
and Land Management

In resource fragile areas the demands and claims on the environment are enormous. Unless they are managed within the carrying capacity of the available natural resources, the local ecology and ecosystem will progressively deteriorate to a point where it can no longer provide environmental services. A degraded ecosystem further pushes the communities living within it into poverty and deprivation leading to migration.

How we do it?

WOTR’s Watershed and Ecosystems Management attempts to build both hard as well soft resilience within communities against disasters of slow and sudden onset such as droughts, moisture stress, infrequent and highly variable rainfall, intense precipitation, and pests and disease attacks. It is a multi-sectoral, multidisciplinary approach that involves continual interaction and exchange between and amongst the various sectors and disciplines.

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS

WOTR’s work in this field is aligned to the following SDGs.

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HIGHLIGHTS

Watershed development and land management taken up in 1,846 villages covering 1,115,218 ha affecting 1.88 million people
Supported partner agencies watershed development in 837 villages covering an area of 426,146 ha. (4,261.46 sq km)
14,424 ha of land have been treated with soil and moisture conservation measures in 2017-2018 involving beneficiaries of 431,957
223 ha of land taken up for afforestation with over 40,000 saplings planted
794 minor and 141 major water harvesting structures were built
404 farm ponds and 166 sunken ponds were built during the year
Five biodiversity management committees set up in the villages of Jharkhand
The watershed related activities generated over3,47,00 days of labour resulting in payments of about Rs. 6.69 crore rupees

PUBLICATIONS IN FOCUS

bhojdari-sangamner-9-10-2012-4-10-12-pm-1

What is watershed development? – the technical aspects

What is watershed development and what are its core principles? What are the things to be adhered to ensure it is successful? Watch this video to get a better sense of how watershed development is to be implemented. The report on WOTR’s national consultation on ‘Adapting agriculture to 1.5 C rise in temperature.

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shg-meeting-photo-by-atul

WOTR’s Wasundhara approach – social aspects of watershed development

WOTR’s Wasundhara approach is integral to the watershed development work that we do, across the country. The Wasundhara Approach adopted in 2005 has been implemented in over 200 villages, with far-reaching and self-sustaining impacts. It creates a development partnership between NGO and villagers based on regeneration of the resource base, transparency, equitable distribution of benefits, and gender equality. components of eradicating poverty regeneration of the resource base, transparency, equitable distribution of benefits, and gender equality – all components of eradicating poverty.

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Economic-aspects-ofWatershedDevelopment

What is watershed development? – the technical aspects

This paper argues that there is a clear need for more systematic economic valuation of WSD initiatives to better prioritize government funding and WSD guidelines, foster greater awareness of the benefits of ecosystem restoration for food security and poverty alleviation, and improve the planning and implementation of projects in the future.

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MORE PUBLICATIONS

RabauPanlotsukh

Rabau Panlot Sukh (Happiness through a watershed)

In the film, RabauPanlotsukh, A lot (Happiness through a watershed)shows the impact of watershed development on an entire village and the personal, social political and economical issues of the village.

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WatershedVoices

Watershed Voices

‘Voices from the Darewadi Watershed’ brings out the transformation in Darewadi, a village near Sangamner in Maharashtra, through WOTR’s watershed development program.

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Gender-and-Watershed-development

Gender and Watershed development

In this paper the focus shall primarily be on the impact WSD measures have on the lives of women and on the relationships between men and women, namely, gender impacts.

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ParticipatoryNetPlanning

Participatory Net Planning

Participatory Net Planning is a well-known and widely adopted methodology for the planning and implementation of watershed development projects in India. Developed and first deployed by WOTR in 1995, PNP has, over the course of time, been adapted by its many users to suit local situations and project specific objectives. The report on WOTR’s national consultation on ‘Adapting agriculture to 1.5 C rise in temperature.

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shg-meeting-photo-by-atul

Power Of The Collective

Among the key challenges of the 21st century are poverty, climate change and resource scarcity. This is especially dire in a country like India which relies heavily on agricultural production – a sector which employs about 70 % of the poor in the country, which is very vulnerable to changes in weather variations and faces a crisis with the lack of a widespread, sustainable source of water. To this acute water crisis, the solution proposed by WOTR in the dryland areas of the country was watershed development. Read the blog to know more.

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USEFUL LINKS

FOR MORE INFORMATION

For more information, please contact Sandeep.jadhav@wotr.org.in and harish.daware@wotr.org.in