Challenges in the water sector in India
Groundwater is the backbone of India’s agriculture and drinking water security today. India is the largest groundwater user in the world. Groundwater supports 84% of the country’s net irrigated area, and 90% of its rural water needs (World Bank, 2010, Prakash, A. et al., 2013). Rapid changes in land use and land cover patterns (Duraisamy, V., Bendapudi, R. & Jadhav, A., 2018), expanding urbanisation, modern lifestyles, and the food and water needs of a growing population are putting increasing pressure on our water resources and exacerbating the water crisis.