Climate-Induced Displacement and Migration in India

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Due to climate disasters, India will see 45 million people forced to migrate from their homes by 2050, three times more than the present figures. This was revealed according to a study by ActionAid and Climate Action Network South Asia, which projects that even if the global community acts on their greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation pledges and targets, about 37.5 million people will still be displaced by 2030, and an estimated 62.9 million by 2050 within the five South Asian countries.

Watershed Organisation Trust (WOTR) carried out an in-house analysis of historical climatic data (1989 – 2018) and future climatic projections (near-century, mid-century, and end-century) for two parameters- rainfall and temperature to understand the historical trends and future projections of the Ashti block in Beed District, one of the eight districts of the Marathwada region of Maharashtra. The Marathwada region receives an average rainfall of less than 600 millimetres, 30% lower than the country. As a result, it is susceptible to droughts and characterized by extreme aridity, hot climate, and acute deficiency in water availability. Droughts are a recurrent phenomenon in the State, and therefore migration from the region is a routine.

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