India has large drought-prone drylands that support climate sensitive livelihoods for local communities. Climate variability manifested as unseasonal and low rainfall have caused heavy crop loss for farmers. Aggravating this are: non-climatic risks like market price fluctuations, decreasing land holding sizes due to fragmentation of households, and the high dependence of farmers on loans to meet the increasing input cost of agriculture.
This study presents an example of how agricultural practices in rural Maharashtra have been transformed, and are still being transformed, in response to the changing climate and to deal with the additional stresses brought on by non-climatic factors. This understanding is needed to bring research into use, to help design policies for adaptation and mitigation, while also designing projects that aim to build the adaptive capacities of the people.
We used a community-engaging vulnerability assessment tool (CoDriVE-PD) to evaluate the climate risks and vulnerabilities of socially differentiated groups. CoDriVE-PD identified locale-specific parameters and provided a score for selected indicators categorized under five livelihood capitals, presented as vulnerability codes.