Land, Labor, and Agricultural Innovations in a Semi-arid Region of Maharashtra, India: The Case of Bhojdari Village

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India has a vast arid and semi-arid rain-fed area, mainly on the western side of the country. Such areas are characterized by erratic, deficient, and delayed rainfall and hence, have not been able to benefit from agricultural innovations such as the Green Revolution. Moreover, mainly due to historical deforestation and associated land degradation, a high proportion of farmland has been abandoned, with local people migrating to urban cities for livelihood.

Watershed development (WSD) projects started in India in the 1970s for restoring degraded landscapes in arid/semi-arid rain-fed regions by increasing their capacity to capture and store rainwater, reduce soil erosion, and improve soil nutrients and the carbon content for greater agricultural yield and income generation (Gray and Srinidhi, 2013).

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