Background and Motivation
Progress and development on one hand and the need to conserve the environment and reduce carbon emissions on the other are two concerns that need to be addressed simultaneously when cooking fuel needs of rural communities are under consideration. In rural Maharashtra, an estimated 80-85% of the households are still dependent on firewood and agro-waste for cooking. Collecting firewood takes up an increasing amount of time and effort, worsening the drudgery of the women for essential, but less productive chores. And as is well known, the smoke generated from these chullahs causes considerable indoor air pollution leading to serious health issues, as well as increases the carbon released into the atmosphere.