WOTR’s publications on applied research include research reports, policy briefs, information briefs, working papers, position papers, etc. on issues related to watershed development, climate change, water, agriculture, livelihoods, health and nutrition, gender, and alternate energy. Many papers are published in peer-reviewed journals. Our research outputs showcase our engagement with diverse stakeholders, offering insights and best practices derived from implementation on the ground. The underlying aspect of our research output is ‘research-into-use’, where we strive to undertake research studies that help support vulnerable communities.

Gaalmukt Dharan, Gaalyukt Shivar Scheme in Maharashtra, India: Policy Concerns and the Way Forward

Gaalmukt Dharan, Gaalyukt Shivar' is an important desiltation scheme offered by the Government of Maharashtra for improving water storage capacity of reservoirs and increasing soil fertility of farms. This paper…

Scaling Ecosystem-based Adaptation to Climate Change in Maharashtra, India: An Analysis of Policies and Programmes.

This paper highlights the Windows of Opportunity or the entry points for scaling-up Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) in Maharashtra. This is part of a project jointly implemented by The WOTR Centre…

Land, Labor, and Agricultural Innovations in a Semi-arid Region of Maharashtra

This paper is a preliminary report on the Bhojdari village in Ahmednagar District of Maharashtra State, India, where the Indo-German Watershed Development Programme (IGWDP) was implemented by an NGO, Watershed…

Using Transformative Scenario Planning to think critically about the future of water in rural Jalna, India

This report provides an overview of two TSP workshops that were held in September 2017 and February 2018 at Krushi Vidnyan Kendra, Jalna. These workshops were conducted for It necessitates…

Heat Stress – Vulnerability, health impacts, and coping strategies in rural communities in the semi-arid region of Maharashtra, India

This study addresses socially differentiated questions on how risks and responses to heat stress vary among the different social categories in the rural communities in the semi-region of Maharashtra and…

Group Micro irrigation: A study of Telangana Farmers

Under the current regime of climate change and increasing frequency and intensity, the water resources in semi-arid areas have come under a lot of pressure. In the study area of…

Watershed Development in India: Economic Valuations and Adaptation Considerations

This paper examines how economic valuation can improve our understanding of watershed development and how to overcome challenges related to data collection, valuing direct and indirect benefits, and climate change…

Is there a science behind local knowledge in weather forecasting and crop planning?

Weather forecast based on local knowledge can be simple and timely. The report talks about how integration with science can strengthen these indigenous practices and support decision making even in…

Watershed Development, Resilience and Livelihood Security: An Empirical Analysis

This study seeks to explore whether watershed development does contribute to building resilience and adaptive capacities of local communities and their ecosystems. It attempts to understand watershed development outcomes through…

Subjective Wellbeing Analysis as a means of achieving Sustainable Development Goals: Evidences from the semi-arid villages in Maharashtra

The CARIAA-ASSAR Working Paper ‘Subjective Wellbeing Analysis as a means of achieving Sustainable Development Goals: Evidences from the semi-arid villages in Maharashtra’ by Bidisha Sinha and Ramkumar Bendapudi, explores the…

Gaalmukt Dharan, Gaalyukt Shivar (Tank Desiltation) Scheme in Maharashtra, India: Policy Concerns and the Way Forward

Gaalmukt Dharan, Gaalyukt Shivar’ is an important desiltation scheme offered by the Government of Maharashtra for improving water storage capacity of reservoirs and increasing soil fertility of farms. The latest…

Scaling Ecosystem-based Adaptation to Climate Change in Maharashtra, India: An Analysis of Policies and Programmes.

This paper highlights the Windows of Opportunity or the entry points for scaling-up Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) in Maharashtra. This is part of a project jointly implemented by The WOTR Centre…

Water Stewardship and Water Budgeting: A Pathway to manage the water available in a time of growing water scarcity in rainfed Maharashtra

The state is facing repeated droughts in many regions, resulting in crop loss and failure, despite substantial water harvesting interventions (supply side). The drastic depletion of groundwater is resulting in…

Gaalmukt Dharan, Gaalyukt Shivar (Desiltation of Tanks) Scheme: A Drought Proofing Intervention

A large number of small reservoirs (tanks) to harvest rainwater have been constructed in Maharashtra over the years, to increase water availability in semi-arid drought prone regions. With me, the…

Adaptive Sustainable Agricultural Practices: To Build Soil Resilience and Enhance Crop Productivity

Adaptive Sustainable Agriculture (ASA) along with sustainable land management practices help to conserve the natural resources, revive the degraded agricultural lands, enhance crop production, and achieve Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN)…

Reducing Human Vulnerability to Heat Stress in Rural Communities of Semi-Arid Maharashtra

Summer temperatures in India have been rising over the last few decades, resulting in increased heat-related morbidity and mortality. Future climate projections for India indicate that heat waves will likely…

Avoiding the Tragedy of the Water Commons: Promoting Sustainable Groundwater Management in Maharashtra

Groundwater is an invisible common pool resource. However, competitive individual extraction of groundwater through dug wells and bore holes has led to a decline in groundwater levels creating a ‘tragedy…

Socio-Economic Implications: Conversion of Farm Ponds into Surface Storage Tanks in Semi-Arid Maharashtra

Farm ponds have been promoted through the central and state government programmes in India as a drought mitigation measure to secure agrarian livelihoods. While farm ponds were initially developed to…

Land Use/Land Cover Changes in Semi-Arid Regions of Maharashtra

The rapid land use change can exacerbate the effect of climate change and contributes to resource overuse. This brief provides the information of land use change over the last 25…

World Water Day 2020-A Presentation

On the occasion of World Water Day, WOTR made a presentation showcasing the work we have done in the area of water resources and the challenges facing this sector in…

Group Micro Irrigation: A study of Telangana farmers

Under the current regime of climate change, which is increasing in both frequency and intensity, the water resources in semi-arid areas have come under a lot of pressure. The current study aims to establish the benefits of pooling water resources for agriculture, identifying the factors that contribute towards a behavioural change among farmers transforming the ownership of water from a private to a common pool resource

From migration to livelihoods security and self-reliance through watershed development

This case study ‘From migration to livelihoods security and self-reliance through watershed development’ describes how the watershed development intervention has led to increased ownership and collective action among community members to…

Unusual Congregation of Savanna Nightjar Caprimulgus affinis In A Wheat Field

A note ‘Unusual Congregation of Savanna Nightjar Caprimulgus Affinis In A Wheat Field’ by Girish Jathar, Sachin Anpat, Balu Bhangare and Dharmaraj Patil is published in the Journal of Bombay…

How much water is in the ground, and what does this mean for vulnerability?

Groundwater, a renewable and finite natural resource, is a vital source of sustenance for humans and different ecosystems in the semi-arid regions. Rapid population growth in the last three decades…

Impact Assessment of Organic and SCI methods:Soybean-Wheat cropping sequence in Bhokardan block of Jalna District, Maharashtra

WOTR has implemented the Pro-Soil project funded by GIZ in 8 villages of Bhokardan block of Jalna district in Maharashtra. The primary aim of the project is to promote sustainable…

Community Well to Solve Water Woes by a Tribe in Partala

The case study is depicting how 12 families of Partala village in Madhya Pradesh came together under the WOTR initiative, and used their traditional knowledge to develop efficient drainage patterns.…

HEAT STRESS How does one recognize Heat Stress? What should you do when a person suffers from heat stress?

Heat stress advisory giving signs and symptoms and the appropriate response to the symptoms of heat stress. It covers basic information on ‘How does one recognize Heat Stress?. What should…

Building Resilience to Climate Change: Water Stewardship in Rainfed Agrarian Villages in Maharashtra, India

In rain-dependent drylands of India, unseasonal rainfall and decrease in precipitation cause losses in agriculture-related livelihoods and water scarcity for humans and livestock. Traditional knowledge and local water governance practices…

Making Smallholder Farming Climate-smart Integrated Agrometeorological Services

Climate change is accompanied by increasing weather uncertainty. Farmers, especially smallholder farmers, need advance warning of emergent weather conditions at a local level. Mobile telecommunication systems are increasingly cost-effective and…

Problematic Uses and Practices of Farm Ponds in Maharashtra

Although the construction of farm ponds is portrayed as a miracle strategy by the state and central government as well as popular media, the manner of its implementation and practice…

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