Policy Briefs

Gaalmukt Dharan, Gaalyukt Shivar(Desilation of Tanks) Scheme: A Drought Proofing Intervention

The current policy brief presents the analysis of Gaalmukt Dharan and Gaalyukt Shivar (GDGS) scheme of Maharashtra Government, which is a supportive program for tank desiltation. Based on interdisciplinary research of seven tanks in the state, it provides the necessary recommendations to modify the existing policy provisions to make it inclusive and robust.

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Reducing Human Vulnerability to Heat Stress in Rural Communities of Semi-Arid Maharashtra

Increasing temperature and associated health impacts is an emerging public health concern. This policy brief assesses the vulnerability of rural communities towards increasing heat stress in the semi-arid regions of Maharashtra. It further provides suitable policy recommendations to reduce the adverse impacts experienced by the communities.

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Avoiding the Tragedy of the Water Commons: Promoting Sustainable Groundwater Management

As India relies heavily on groundwater for its domestic and irrigation needs, overexploitation of groundwater has led to a decline in the water level. This policy tells us about the tool developed by WOTR known as CoDriVE- VI which helps people to visualize their groundwater resources in 3D format through participatory mapping and enhance their knowledge regarding the available resource and bring them together for sustainable aquifer management

PDF iconPolicy_Brief_CDVI_7_Mar_2020

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Socio-Economic Implications: Conversion of Farm Ponds into Surface Storage Tanks in Semi-Arid Maharashtra

As Maharashtra state frequently experiences drought conditions, farmers are widely adopting the farm ponds to secure their agrarian livelihood. On the ground as observed in Sangamner block of Ahmednagar dist., farm ponds are used to store groundwater deviating from the original concept of harvesting rainwater. This brief presents the benefit-cost ratio of this practice and notes the unintended consequences of groundwater extraction to store in the farm ponds.

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Land use/Land cover Changes (LULCC) in Semi-arid Regions of Maharashtra

The rapid land use change can exacerbate the effect of climate change and contributes to resource overuse. This brief provides the information of land use change over the last 25 years in the Mula-Pravara and Purna River basins located in the Godavari River in semi-arid Maharashtra and investigate the driving forces that cause change.The findings from the study could be used to reduce the detrimental effects of unplanned and ad hoc land use changes in this region via implementing suitable land management strategies in the identified hotspots of change.

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India's water crisis and potential solutions for scaling-up

India is facing the worst water crisis in its history, with an estimated 600 million people having to deal with high to extreme water scarcity. Solutions exist and have the potential to be scaled-up. WOTR has been promoting several initiatives in this regard that enhance the water-harvesting potential of ecosystems, improve water-use efficiency, evolve a set of governance practices and develop skills and capacities to respond and adapt to heightened weather variability from a changing climate. See this Info Brief for details.

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महाराष्ट्रातील यवतमाळ जिल्हयामधील वाढत्या उष्णतेच्या तणावामुळे निर्माण होणारी असुरक्षितता

भारतात उष्णतेची लाट ही साधारण उन्हाळाच्या महिन्यांमध्ये (एप्रिल-मे) दिसून येते. मागील काही वर्षांपासून उष्माघातामुळे मृत्यू झालेल्या व्यक्तींची संख्या ही भारतातील काही भागांमध्ये वाढतच चाललेली आहे. सन २००१ ते २०१२ च्या एकूण नेसर्गिक आपत्तीच्या मृत्यू संदर्भार्तील आकडेवारी (तक्ता क्र. १) पाहता जवळजवळ ४% लोकांचा मृत्यू हा उष्माघातामुळे झाला आहे. गेल्या काही वर्षांपासून उष्माघातामुळे मृतांच्या संख्येमध्ये झपाट्याने वाढ झाली आहे. भारतीय हवामान विभागाच्या (आयएमडी) मते, मागील अर्ध-शतकापासून (१९६१-२०१०) “उष्णतेच्या लाटेच्या ” वारंवारतेत एक तृतीयांशने वाढ झाली आहे . सरासरी जागतिक तापमानात वाढ झाल्यामुळे, गरम दिवसांच्या संख्येत वाढ, उष्णतेच्या लाटेची आणि दिवसातील तापमान यामध्ये प्रचंड वाढ होण्याची शक्यता आहे. त्याचप्रमाणे उष्णतेच्या लाटेमुळे मृत्यूदरात ही वाढ होण्याची भीती निर्माण झाली आहे. म्हणूनच, मानवी आरोग्यावर उष्णता तणावाचे परिणाम ही भारतात चिंतेचा विषय बनत आहेत.

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Vulnerability to Heat Stress: A Case Study of Yavatmal

In India, heat wave conditions are generally experienced in the summer months of April and May and from time to time deaths due to heat waves have been reported from several parts of the country. i Between 2001 and 2012, heat stroke accounted for 4% of all deaths from natural calamities (Chart 1), with a marked rise seen in recent years. According to the India Meteorological Department (IMD), over the past half ii century  (from 1961 to 2010) heat wave frequencies iii have increased by a third . With the rise in average global temperature, a further increase in the number of hot days and greater frequency and severity of heat-waves is expected. The risk of morbidity and mortality related to heat stress will continue to increase. Hence, effects of heat stress on human health are becoming an issue of growing concern in India

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PDF icon Vulnerability to Heat Stress- A Case Study of Yavatmal, Maharashtra, India - Policy Brief No 5.pdf1.73 MB
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