Research & Studies

"Hydrogeological delineation of groundwater vulnerability to droughts in semi arid areas of western Ahmednagar district" published in the Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Sciences.

"Groundwater, a renewable and finite natural resource, is a vital source of sustenance for humans and different ecosystems in the semi-arid regions.

WOTR's article ' Identifying hotspots in land use land cover change and the drivers in a semi-arid region of India' published in Springer Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Journal'.

The study examines long-term land use/land cover change (LUCC) at a finer scale in a semi-arid region of India. The objectives were to study and quantify the spatiotemporal LUCC and uncover the major drivers causing the change in the Mula Pravara river basin, which is located in a semi-arid region of Maharashtra state, India.  From 1991 to 2016, the agricultural land area increased by approximately 98% due to the conversion of uncultivable and fallow lands to agriculture.

Making Sanitation A ‘Clean’ Habit Lessons from a School Sanitation Project

The water and sanitation sector of India is grappling with the Herculean task of motivating its rural inhabitants to use sanitary facilities and make these and safe drinking water accessible.

This and other such studies made it inevitable on the part of the government to rethink its policy of rural sanitation and introduce changes. The need was to alter the approach to make it more decentralised, people-centric and demand responsive.

 

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Participatory Net Planning: Reflections & Learnings

Participatory Net Planning (PNP), a methodology which was developed and deployed by WOTR in 1995, is now well known in India and has been widely adopted, albeit adapted to local requirements and also sometimes, differently named, in major public and donor funded watershed development projects in India.

This research report provides details about PNP including concepts, key elements and implementation. The authors have included impacts of PNP, perceptions and observations by stakeholders as well as the roles stakeholders play. Difficulties faced in the field and possibly solutions are explored, and concludes with reflections upon lessons learned.

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A Comparative Study on the Energy Efficiency of the Smokeless Hot Water Chullah and the Traditional Chullah

Increasing industrialization, wasteful habits and unsustainable consumption patterns are escalating the environmental problems due to depletion of energy resources. Demands on the world’s energy requirements are increasing with growing population, economic improvement and urbanization. This increase in demand is mainly being met by non renewable sources of energy which constitute 80% of the fuel used. The unsustainable use of renewable resources and the generation of toxic wastes are destroying the biodiversity, environment and human health.

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What are we in for? – Rural dynamics in the context of Climate Change a look at Ahmednagar district

This is a book comprising 8 studies on different subjects – agriculture, gender, migration, peak oil, health – in the context of climate change. This set of studies emerged as an attempt to understand the rural communities of Ahmednagar district, as WOTR initiates the project on Climate Change Adaptation. The findings of these studies throw new meaning when looked at in the light of climate change (adaptation and mitigation) and looked at together with their interlinkages, the unintended effects (positive and negative) and also our maladaptative quick-fixes. The studies bring to fore the current context and its impacts.

 

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The Carbon Climax: End of HydroCarbon Legacy

This paper is a lucid introduction to Peak Oil and its dire implications. It spells out the basics of Peak Oil and links Oil Exploration Dynamics to World Giant Oil Fields and eventually to the interconnectedness of Energy, Economy and Food availability. It also states India’s position in this context and cautions us unless we act with the foresight; we are heading towards economic contraction, declining food production and hyperinflation. The paper also underlines the fact that we live in an energy deficit society and failure to develop a foresight would surely be an ethical failure on our part.

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Agriculture market price fluctuations, changing livestock systems and Vulnerability Connect

A Case-study of Mhaswandi village in Maharashtra, India, it traces the impacts of livestock changes and its connect of agriculture and markets.

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Insertion of Exogenous Development Measures on an Endogenous System

A case study of traditional water resources management practice of Gangewadi village in Maharashtra, India and the impacts of modern solutions on it

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