Tools & Frameworks

Muster Preparation

Muster sheet is the basic document of any work done in the watershed. Accounts are kept on the basis of Muster payments. Musters need to be summarised and analysed for preparation of further reports. Preparation of these reports manually requires lots of time and effort (Approximately 5-6 persondays are required for preparing a muster sheet of 100 labourers working for 2 weeks).

Expert System for Project Appraisal and Verification

This software checks the Net Plan once it is fed in. It checks cost per hectare, land class v/s land use, treatments in proposed land use, length, cross section and cost of treatments, number of plants to be planted, number of units proposed.  This reduces mistakes in planning and subsequently the time lag between proposal submission and sanctioning, since Gat/Survey number-wise scrutiny is done by this software.


The Community Driven Vulnerability Evaluation – Livelihood Assessment (CoDriVE – LA) framework combines CASDAAT (Climate Adaptive Sustainable Development Assessment and Adjustment Tool) and LM3 (Local Money Multiplier). It helps the community and the intervener:

Peer Group Review (PGR)

Peer Group Review (PGR) is an annual exercise in which representatives from participating villages visit each other’s development projects in order to discuss achievements, failures, innovations and best practices. The three most successful villages are publicly felicitated, creating a spirit of healthy competition between the various projects.

Participatory Impact Monitoring (PIM)

The major objective of any watershed development project is to improve the natural resource base through conservation and management of resources so as to increase the productive potential of the resources and create livelihoods for the people depending on those resources. In order to achieve this a set of interventions are planned and implemented in consultation with the community, which generates certain outputs, outcomes and impacts.

Qualitative Assessment Matrix (QAM)

Qualitative Assessment Matrix (QAM) is a system of indicators such as water table level, income, and number of toilets, which measures each community’s growth as well as its shortcomings. This transparent accounting shows the NGO and village what’s working and what needs improvement in near-real time, while changes can still affect the outcome of the project.

Gender Oriented Participatory Operational Pedagogy (GO-POP)

Gender Oriented Participatory Operational Pedagogy (GO-POP) is a systematic approach to building up the organizational  and social capacities of NGOs and village self-help groups to undertake and eventually up-scale watershed development. It includes a gender empowerment component, which engages and includes women at all stages and levels of the development process.

Wasundhara Approach

Wasundhara means “caring earth”, and for WOTR it also means WOTR Attentive to Social Unity for Nature, Development and Humanity in Rural Areas. Wasundhara represents a paradigm shift, putting the responsibility for development in the hands of not only NGOs and agencies but of the villagers themselves. Only in this way can the projects sustain themselves organically over time. Taking a socio-technical approach, WOTR demystifies technology and puts it into the hands of the farmers so they can use it long after WOTR has left.