Working Paper

Adaptation Strategy or Maladaptation – The conversion of Farm ponds into surface storage tanks in Semi-Arid regions of Maharashtra

The CARIAA-ASSAR Working Paper 'Adaptation Strategy or Maladaptation – The conversion of Farm ponds into surface storage tanks in Semi-Arid regions of Maharashtra' by Ramkumar Bendapudi, Ankita Yadav, Sarita Chemburkar and Marcella D’Souza, assesses the cost-benefit ratio of the practice of using farm ponds as surface storage tanks utilising groundwater.

The findings in this paper emerge from a study of 206 farm ponds constructed in six villages, conducted between 2006 and 2017, in the Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra. The following two scenarios were considered while assessing the Cost-Benefit ratio 1) considering the direct investment costs of structures 2) considering the indirect costs associated with structures - evaporation losses and land opportunity cost.

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Subjective Wellbeing Analysis as a means of achieving Sustainable Development Goals: Evidences from the semi-arid villages in Maharashtra

The CARIAA-ASSAR Working Paper 'Subjective Wellbeing Analysis as a means of achieving Sustainable Development Goals: Evidences from the semi-arid villages in Maharashtra' by Bidisha Sinha and Ramkumar Bendapudi, explores the importance of using the group- differentiated needs and satisfaction according to caste, gender and age for achieving policies that benefit all.

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Group Micro irrigation: A study of Telangana Farmers

Under the current regime of climate change and increasing frequency and intensity, the water resources in semi-arid areas have come under a lot of pressure. In the study area of Talakondapally of the Rangareddy district, groundwater levels have been dropping under low rainfall, droughts and dry spells. This has necessitated that the farmers in the area adapt to the changing conditions through an efficient and coordinated use of water rather than privatisation of and competition for water in agriculture. The sharing of available water resources between farmers reduces establishment and input cost along with access to subsidies for setting up drip systems under the intervention. The amount saved in establishment and input costs is also then supplemented by water-use efficiency, water saving and better crop productivity.

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