In semi-arid region of Maharashtra state of India, there is high dependence on natural resources for living and livelihoods. The limited adaptive capacities of the local people from rural results in them being highly vulnerable to the climate and non-climatic risks they encounter. In the studies, WOTR found that risks and uncertainties to project implementation has increased over the period of time with the rapidly changing context, increasing variability in climate, and occurrence of extreme climate events in the area.
WOTR at Adaptation Futures 2018
Showcasing 9 studies on Vulnerabilities, Resilience and Adaptation. Read our blog.
Dryland ecosystems display high vulnerability to climate change. Given the considerable adaptation needs in these regions, watershed development is undertaken with a dual mandate of ecological restoration and poverty alleviation. In India, climate change adaptation is not mainstreamed into the watershed planning process. This business-as-usual approach fails to respond to risks posed by a variable and changing climate.
Groundwater is the major source for irrigation and drinking water in drought-prone semi-arid regions of Maharashtra. It plays an important component in agro-ecosystem services by providing critical irrigation to crops during prolonged periods of dry spells. The government has been promoting construction of farm ponds in a big way as a strategy to secure rural agrarian livelihood and drought-proof the region.
Agriculture, in India, is highly dependent on climatic conditions and has suffered in recent times due to erratic, frequent and severe climate change, bringing the sector to a precipice of heightened risk. Agriculture, being the mainstay of close to 60% of the Indian population, is of utmost requirement that a financial resilience be built, in order to cope with these risks. Crop Insurance is a risk management tool that agricultural producers can use to this end.
Wellbeing is defined as the state of being that is derived from a person’s involvement in various “social, economic, political, cultural and psychological processes” and eventual functioning of these aspects in a person’s life. Since the society is composed of various sections whose historical and social trajectories have been different, inherent difference of perceptions about what constitutes needs and their corresponding satisfaction levels might also be observed, achieving different functioning, and hence different status of wellbeing.
It is expected that some extremes will become more frequent, more widespread and more intense during the 21st century (IPCC, 2014). As a result, the demand for information services on weather and climate extremes is growing. The sustainability of economic development and living conditions depends on our ability to manage the risks associated with extreme events in the river basins. The historical trend of rising extreme event has been reflected in many studies. In recent times, more and more emphasis is given to river basin approach for integrated water resources management.
Climate change is a major threat to sustained economic growth, ecosystems as well as natural resources. The need to therefore cope with or ‘adapt’ to climate change is widely accepted. Of particular need for scaling up or replicating successful projects is to understand the costs involved.
In India micro-irrigation, specifically drip irrigation, is seen as a technology that can address the problem of growing water scarcity while simultaneously increasing productivity and farmer incomes. However, adoption of this technology by farmers remains low; this despite the state providing generous subsidies to promote micro irrigation. In this study focusing on the state of Maharashtra in India we examine the barriers that farmers face in adopting drip irrigation and how and these emerge and persist.