Livelihoods

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Livelihoods in the current development paradigm have resulted in a systematic erosion of local skill-sets while acquiring new ones that cater very little to local demands and needs, which in turn means these demands and needs are met by external expertise. WOTR’s work aims to address both these issues simultaneously – by strengthening local demand-supply chains and by diversifying livelihoods.

Disaster Risk Reduction

WOTR’s Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and community-based disaster management activities are part of our climate change adaptation initiatives and natural resources management. As part of DRR, WOTR is undertaking activities such as preparation of disaster management plans, review and analysis of past disasters, creating seasonality calendar of disasters, mapping resources and assets, risk and vulnerability areas, while helping communities become more resilient to disasters.

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Alternative energy

With a population of 1.3 billion, India is the world’s fourth-largest carbon emitter, with the power sector being a key contributor to this. Not surprisingly, much of the power generated in India is from non-renewable energy resources, like coal, that pollute the environment. Considering that electricity demand is rising rapidly, the challenge for India, therefore, is: How do we supply energy to every Indian while being environment friendly? Alternative Energy (AE) is the answer.

AE is not just environmentally friendly but potentially infinite. It is no surprise that in India and around the world, it is fast gaining ground as a clean alternative to fossil fuels and one which uses locally available materials. In addition to this, women in the rural areas of our country spend a lot of time and energy gathering fuel. This affects their health and well-being. In this context, promoting AE ensures gender equality as well.

WHAT WE DO:

At WOTR, under the theme of AE, we do a variety of activities to achieve both these aims. These include:

  1. Interventions to promote a cleaner home environment: Distribution of Smokeless Chullahs, Hot Water Chullahs, Agnibiomass stoves, Solar Home Lighting systems, Solar Parabolic Cookers 
  2. Interventions at community-level: Solar Street Lights, Solar-powered Pumps and Biogas Plants.
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Alignment with International Frameworks

Sustainable Development Goals

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The impact of goat rearing in Rajasthan

Daakubai Kharadi belongs to the Gamiti tribe from Bagdunda village of Udaipur district in Rajasthan. In 2013, she decided to buy a pair of goats of the Sirohi breed as a part of the WOTR’s Wasundhara Village Development programme. This was initiated in the village with the support of Andheri Hilfe Bonn, a Germany based non-profit organisation.

While she contributed Rs 2,000, WOTR provided her a grant of Rs 12,000 for buying the goats. Thereafter, she provided the goats with healthy feed and a clean space to live. With care and attention, Daakubai raised a family of ten kids from the pair in a span of three years.

“The buffaloes would give 4 litres of milk a day for nearly 7 to 8 months in a year. On the other hand, the two goats give us around 3 litres of milk every day for almost 11 months in a year. We are now able to consume milk and milk products on a regular basis,” Daakubai says.

Besides, Daakubai’s family earned a total of Rs 17,000 from the sale of two young goats, of which Rs 7,000 was used for her niece’s wedding, while the rest was kept as savings.

“If we didn’t take up goat rearing we would have ended up spending Rs 30,000 in three years just to purchase milk. On the other hand, the goats have helped us save money. The goats have provided us financial security.”

Daakubai even gifted two goat kids to her relatives.

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Scale of operations

Community Driven Vulnerability Evaluation Programme Designer (CoDriVE-PD) tool developed by WOTR used to identify vulnerabilities in about 50 villages

Local livelihoods like backyard poultry (59), small grocery stores (8), flour mills (24), cake making (18), sewing machines (8), rice mills (80), general stores (2), tea shops (1), pig rearing (25), goat rearing (151) and soap making (24), were supported during 2017-18

1,100 people benefitted from individual and community level livelihood activities

247 solar streetlights installed, benefitting 23,543 people in Odisha and Madhya Pradesh

455 solar home lighting systems installed in 38 villages of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Jharkhand benefitting 620 households

856 smokeless chullahs distributed in Jharkhand, MP and Odisha benefitting over 3,400 people

PUBLICATIONS IN FOCUS

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Watershed Development, Resilience and Livelihood Security: An Empirical Analysis

The study ‘Watershed Development, Resilience and Livelihood Security: An Empirical Analysis’ explores whether watershed development does contribute to building resilience and adaptive capacities of local communities and their ecosystems. It also attempts to understand watershed development outcomes through the mirror of the resilience framework.

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Building Capacities of villagers

Livelihoods promotion is not merely about creating opportunities, but also about building the capacities of people to face challenges and diversify their income streams. How? Watch the video to know more.

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Ecologic February 2018

This issue of Ecologic brings forth six stories from across our project areas in India which highlight our efforts in making the livelihoods of rural communities more sustainable.These interventions have not just supported the communities with monetary benefits but have also helped them in becoming more resilient to external stresses and shocks.

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FOR MORE INFORMATION

To know more about our sustainable livelihood initiatives, please contact anirudh.mirikar@wotr.org.in