Ecosystem-based Adaptation

Ecosystem Based Adaptation, or EbA, is a nature-based and human centric approach to adaptation. Restoring the health of the ecosystem, maintaining it through participatory governance while also contributing to improved livelihoods and better adaptive capacity of the local community is at the heart of EbA. In practice, this is a holistic approach that combines several areas of intervention such as sustainable agriculture, locale-specific crop and weather advisories, water-use management, and biodiversity conservation – at a farm and landscape level.

Sustainable land management in Bhojdari village, Maharashtra
Sustainable land management in Bhojdari village, Maharashtra

EbA and WOTR

Watershed development (WSD), which has been practised in India’s rainfed regions for decades, is an integrated approach that simultaneously addresses environmental and socio-economic development challenges. When implemented holistically, WSD can be viewed as an example of a human-centred, nature-based response to climate change – the essence of EbA.

WOTR’s comprehensive approach to WSD promotes soil and water conservation with afforestation, “from ‘ridge-to-valley.” This EbA approach is implemented both at the farm and landscape level, in combination with other climate-adaptive measures such as sustainable agriculture, locale-specific crop and weather advisories, water-use management, and biodiversity conservation.

Biodiversity is essential for sustainable
development and human well-being.
Biodiversity is essential for sustainable development and human well-being.

Upscaling Ecosystem-based Adaptation in Maharashtra

WOTR in partnership with TMG Research gGmbH, a German-based think-tank organisation, is implementing a project that proposes Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) as an approach that can both contribute to reducing vulnerabilities at the local level and help governments comply with their global commitments under the Paris Agreement and Agenda 2030. The project´s objective is to contribute to an enabling policy environment that recognises and implements EbA on a broader scale in Guatemala and India. The project aims to elaborate roadmaps, prioritise EbA measures and identify avenues for integrating EbA solutions into policy and practice.

Roadmap for upscaling EbA in Maharashtra – online workshop, 16th Feb 2021

Over the past year, Watershed Organisation Trust (WOTR), the WOTR Centre for Resilience Studies (W-CReS), TMG Research, with a committee of experts from the government, scientists and practitioners, have been engaged in drafting a roadmap to upscale EbA in Maharashtra.  We are excited to present to you our findings and the draft outline of a roadmap, strategy and action plan for upscaling EbA in Maharashtra in the upcoming online consultation. Join us on 16th February, 2021 from 1:30pm to 4:30pm

Knowledge Products

EbA Info-Brief Series #1: Adapting to climate change in India – the value of an ecosystem-based response

This info-brief is the first in a series of info-briefs from the project on Upscaling Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) to Climate Change in the Rainfed Regions of Maharashtra, India. Ecosystem-based Adaptation

EbA Info-Brief Series #2: Strengthening biodiversity to enhance ecosystem-based adaptation

This is the second info brief, part of five others in the series, which refers to strengthening biodiversity conservation to enhance EbA in Maharashtra. These info briefs are a part

EbA Info-Brief Series #3: Managing Land and Forests– the value of Ecosystem-based Adaptation

The third info brief in the series touches upon the importance of Managing Land and Forests for Upscaling Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) to Climate Change in the Rainfed Regions of Maharashtra

EbA Info-Brief Series #4: An Ecosystem-based approach to Climate Resilient Agriculture

The fourth info brief highlights the influence of an Ecosystem based approach to Climate Resilient Agriculture. Climate change, ecological degradation, and market pressures threaten sustainable agriculture production in Maharashtra, India

EbA Info-Brief Series #5: Livestock and Ecosystem-based Adaptation

This is the fifth info brief, in a six part series, that discusses the symbiotic role of livestock in ecosystems, the challenges and opportunities for upscaling EbA in the livestock

EbA Info-Brief Series #6: Why Ecosystem-based Adaptation for Water Management?

The sixth info brief in the series presents Ecosystem based Adaptation (EbA) as a systemic approach for Water management. It highlights the challenges to water management and opportunities for upscaling…

From Watershed Development to Ecosystem-based Adaptation

Derived from extensive research and case studies located in Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, the report  shows that EbA can help build systemic resilience in ecosystems and communities.

Scaling Ecosystem-based Adaptation to Climate Change in Maharashtra, India: An Analysis of Policies and Programmes.

This paper highlights the Windows of Opportunity or the entry points for scaling-up Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) in Maharashtra.

Can an ecosystem-wide approach strengthen local resilience to climate change?

Insights from a water stewardship initiative in Maharashtra, India

How an Ecosystem-based Adaptation (Eba) approach helped vulnerable rural Indian communities cope with COVID-19

This blog explores the scope of the participatory governance component of EbA